How is Covid-19 Spread?
Working from home, online classes, online religious meetings, contactless payments, ordering products online rather than buying from physical stores… All of these have rapidly become regular ways of life in the wake of the novel Coronavirus pandemic.
While everybody hopes that things will soon return to business as usual, there is a very strong possibility that this isn’t going to happen anytime soon. Somehow, we need to get used to the fact that our present realities are slowly becoming the new normal.
If we have to learn to live with this disease, then it’s important to understand how it is spread to appreciate the reasons for the various precautions being prescribed. Below are the presently known ways through which the Coronavirus can be contracted:
- Human Contact
This is the riskiest way of contracting the virus. Coming in physical contact with an infected patient either by hugging, shaking hands (and touching the face with the hands) or more physical contact such as kissing or sex will definitely put a person at risk of being infected.
It should be noted that not only people showing symptoms can transmit COVID-19 through human contact. Asymptomatic patients can equally pass the disease along hence, the need for social distancing.
- Suspension of droplets in the air
When we sneeze, aerosol like droplets, often not visible to the human eye, are expelled from our nostrils and can stay airborne for a significant period. For people infected with Covid-19, these droplets can be a vector of the disease; infecting healthy people who inadvertently inhale it.
As previously mentioned, asymptomatic people can still transmit the disease, hence the need to stay away from anyone who is sneezing or coughing. When sneezing/coughing, ensure you cover your mouth and nose with a handkerchief or toilet paper.
Alternatively, health practitioners have recommended that you could sneeze into the sleeve your elbow. Medical nose masks can also help to protect you by preventing you from inhaling the infected droplets.
- Surface transmission
This is another critical mode of transmission we all have to be wary of. When infected people touch surfaces such as tabletops, doorknobs, car door handles, etc., the unsuspecting public is at risk. The virus can survive on these surfaces for some time and healthy people who touch these surfaces, and touch their faces afterwards can get infected.
To inhibit the risk of COVID-19 infection, it is imperative of you to wipe every surface in your home with alcohol-based products like methylated spirit, etc. Also, be sure to avoid touching your face, and wash your hands after contact with any surface. Use alcohol-based hand sanitizers if you do not have access to running water.
While research is still ongoing about how exactly this works, it is suspected that samples of an infected person’s poop may contain the virus. Hence, not washing the hands properly after using the loo can put other people at risk of contracting the virus.
Adhering to proper hygiene will help to avoid getting sick through this means. Also, ensure to close the toilet lid before pulling on flush as particles can sometimes get dispersed within the bathroom.
In summary, there’s a lot we still don’t know about Covid-19, but by taking precautions, we can keep safe until we are successfully able to fight this.